Will the hottest floating nuclear reactor be the f

2022-08-02
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Will floating nuclear reactors be the future of nuclear power

the bleak or bright future depends on the situation of relevant countries or regions. At present, nuclear energy in developed countries shows a downward trend. Especially after the Fukushima incident in Japan, the nuclear energy industry is struggling. Japan became the world's largest LNG importer after shutting down some nuclear facilities on March 12. Germany is also like many steel plant users who plan to shut down 22 nuclear power plants before 2022. In addition, in France, which has important influence, although 75% of domestic energy comes from nuclear energy, it has also announced that 14 of the 58 nuclear power plants will be closed. At present, only Britain is trying to seek help from China and France to build a new nuclear power plant

however, nuclear power is popular in other parts of the world. In terms of building nuclear power plants, Rosatom has emerged as a global leader. The company has $300billion worth of international orders in 12 developing countries. It will take more than a decade for a traditional factory to be built and eventually installed on electricity, but rostom intends to provide alternative technologies to overcome these disadvantages

in order to maintain its competitive advantage, the company invested about US $400million to develop a unique nuclear power plant - floating nuclear power plant, which can better answer various questions raised by users. In the first few years of development, the secret nature of the project did not dispel critics' doubts about the safety of the facility. In recent years, Rosatom has disclosed some construction methods to prove the value and safety of its technological breakthrough to potential customers

in addition to Russia, other countries also plan to develop their own floating nuclear power plants. Two Chinese state-owned enterprises are developing the necessary technology so that up to 20 nuclear power plants can be built in the next few years. At the same time, American scientists are also developing relevant technologies, but according to jacopobuongiorno, a professor of nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of technology, "the Russian technology is much ahead of us"

rosatom trusts the safety of its floating nuclear power plant. The company noted that the floating portion of the facility provided it with an unlimited amount of cooling material. The Fukushima disaster intensified because there were too many standby diesel engines to pump water. Floating power plants should not cause this problem. However, environmentalists do not believe it

they pointed out that the tsunami may move the nuclear power plant to the depth of land, causing it to be worn away and away from the required cooling materials. Rosatom responded that in an emergency, the reactor can be cooled for 24 hours without external resources. Aunt Ma vacated three of the seven bags she was carrying to give to volunteers. During this period, emergency evacuation is required to transport the reactor to a safe area. In contrast, U.S. regulators require land-based reactors to operate for 72 hours in an emergency shutdown without external water sources

however, potential buyers are not convinced. One reason may be that the records of nuclear reactor accidents on seagoing ships such as submarines and icebreakers, on which Russia based its design of nuclear reactors, are not clear. Obviously, Sudan is the only country interested in floating nuclear power plants so far. According to Sudan Tribune, the Minister of water resources and power expects Sudan to become the first foreign customer of this technology

although this technology has a difficult start, it does provide potentially strong political support for Rosatom. As a result of global warming and melting ice caps, Russia has made the Arctic a top priority. According to experts, the Arctic continental shelf is expected to account for 20% to 30% of Russia's oil production by 2050. Novatek of Russia has already operated a very successful Arctic LNG plant, and another plant will be announced in 2019. The floating nature of the power plant means that strategic projects in remote areas can obtain power during activities. The current prototype "akademik Lomonosov" will be towed from Murmansk to Pevek, a town with a population of 4200 and growing due to the increase of its construction and mining activities. If the number of international orders does not meet expectations, Russia's political support will also ensure a certain degree of success

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