Can the college entrance examination in 2019 chang

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Can the 2019 college entrance examination change the fate

release date: Source: New Youth 2050 Views: 5550 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: from family, school to community, the class scissors gap follows step by step, and the gap between poor children and rich children is also widening

today, when class solidification and the difficulty of giving birth to noble children have become Chinese propositions, we need to reflect, what does the 2019 college entrance examination mean for Chinese students? Can he change the fate of ordinary Chinese people as he did in the 1980s and 1990s

▍ 01 in 2019, 6600 people were admitted across the country in Qingbei

the national birth population in 2001 was about 19million (100%), of which,

in 2018, about 9.2 million people (48%) participated in the national college entrance examination,

"only half of them can enter high school" is a common phenomenon across the country

the number of undergraduate students admitted across the country is about 3.09 million (16%), that is, no matter what undergraduate students you are admitted, even the most common three, It is also an outstanding talent who chooses 1 out of 6.

the number of students enrolled in one book in the country is 1.14 million (6%), that is to say, no matter what school you can enter, you are already the elite who chooses 1 out of 16. This is the situation after a large-scale expansion of the scope in recent years. Even if the scope of a university has been expanded a lot, it is still difficult to enroll a university with a probability of only 6%

about 460000 people (2.4%) are enrolled in 211 universities across the country, that is, only 2.4% of their peers in the country can be admitted to 211 universities. These universities include Taiyuan University of technology, Yanbian University, Chang'an University and other schools that many people may not have heard of. Many people may not think it is particularly powerful to be admitted to Chang'an University and Yanbian University, but those who can be admitted to these schools, It is already a super elite with one out of 40

about 150000 people (0.8%) are enrolled in 985 colleges and universities nationwide, that is to say, being admitted to 985 colleges and universities actually beats 99% of their peers. If you are surrounded by students from Ocean University of China, Northwest University of agriculture and forestry science and technology and other schools, you may think that he is also an ordinary student, but if someone tells you that 99% of people will be eliminated and can't do something, and only 1% of people can do it, you may think that the person who can do it is particularly powerful. In fact, these two things are the same thing. To be admitted to Ocean University of China, Northwest University of agriculture and forestry science and technology or any other 985 university is to defeat 99% of their peers, the super elite among the elite

about 6600 people (0.03%) are enrolled in Qingbei across the country. Tsinghua and Peking University are undoubtedly the top 2 universities in China. Of course, these 6600 people mainly refer to ordinary students who have passed the college entrance examination and unified independent enrollment. In fact, there will be more undergraduate enrollment in Qingbei every year, such as people with special honors (such as athletes), overseas students, etc. From the 6600 people admitted through the college entrance examination, the admission rate of Tsinghua University and Peking University among their peers is only 0.03%, three out of ten thousand, which can be called a dragon and a phoenix among people

generally speaking, although you can feel that there are many 985211 friends around you, even many friends from Tsinghua and Peking University, this may be a survivor's deviation. The college entrance examination may be much more difficult than many people think

in one sentence, we can sum up the college entrance examination in the 1920s: among the peers, 16% can go to college, 6% can go to one book, 2.4% can go to 211, 0.8% can go to 985, and 0.03% can go to Qingbei

▍ 02 after the college entrance examination, we are faced with "difficult employment"

nowadays, the employment pressure of college students is increasing, and employment is also becoming more and more difficult. It is not easy for many college students to find their favorite jobs. With 8.5 million college graduates in 2019 and 500000 overseas returnees coming back for employment, it is estimated that 9million college students will enter the job market and begin to rush to the job search scene after 95

so, what jobs do college graduates get after graduation

generally speaking, employment is divided into within the system and outside the system

Employment outside the system refers to working in private enterprises. In terms of the proportion of jobs this year, private enterprises provide more than 80% of jobs, that is, most graduates will go to private enterprises for employment

among them, Huawei, Baidu, Tencent, Alibaba,, Lenovo, Evergrande, Vanke, Midea, etc. have better relative welfare treatment. However, recently, the Internet industry is facing technical bottlenecks, with layoffs and the continuous disturbance of the 996 working system

in addition to some well-known enterprises, more are small and medium-sized enterprises. It is conservatively estimated that there are tens of millions of them. The welfare of many companies is relatively informal, and the growth space is limited

employment within the system is divided into: state-owned enterprises, civil servants, public institutions

why is it called within the system? It is because these posts still retain socialist factors, including staffing and formal work, and pay more attention to the welfare of workers

first of all, state-owned enterprises

there should be no more than 1000 state-owned enterprises in the country, including their subsidiaries. Of course, there are some provincial enterprises. According to the statistics of China public education, state-owned enterprises recruit about 1million people every year

I give examples in different industries:

for example, heavy industry: China nuclear industry group, China Aerospace Science and technology group, China shipbuilding industry group, national energy investment group, China chemical industry group, CRRC, China FAW, Dongfeng Motor, Angang Steel Group, etc.

for example, energy industry: PetroChina, Sinopec, state power, etc.

for example, communication industry: China Mobile, China linkage Chinatelecom, etc.

such as agriculture and Forestry: COFCO group, China tobacco, China Forestry Group, China Grain Reserve group, etc.

such as finance: Bank of China, China Construction Bank, Bank of communications, industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China, Agricultural Development Bank of China, China Post, etc

for example, medicine: China Pharmaceutical Group

don't give examples one by one... In order to stabilize and promote the employment of college students, state-owned enterprises have recruitment tasks and indicators every year. Many times, state-owned enterprises don't want experienced talents, they only recruit fresh graduates. Therefore, you must grasp the identity of "fresh college graduates"

but even if you have this identity, you sometimes talk about routines

routine 1, family background, conditions. Generally speaking, those with good family conditions are easier to enter, but they also need a diploma

routine 2: there are people in the company. Internal recommendation, there are places for the company to recruit. If relatives and friends are in the company, they must be trained to recruit college students anyway

routine 3, certificate recognized by the state. University diploma/CET-4/Accounting/Cisco/network engineer, etc

in short, state-owned enterprises have certain routines in recruiting

if you are a grass-roots person with no relationship and background, it's not that you can't enter a state-owned enterprise, but you have to pay more efforts than ordinary people, and of course you're lucky enough. Here, I will focus on a few state-owned enterprises

the bank's recruitment for colleges and universities is divided into two times: one is the autumn recruitment in September every year, and the other is the spring recruitment in March next year. The content of the bank's autumn recruitment examination is similar. You can apply as long as you meet the conditions. Generally, the examination time is not conflicting, and you can apply for multiple banks to increase the pass rate

the examination content generally includes: line test, argumentation, financial professional knowledge, etc

the technical experts of monopoly or semi Gold Research Institute, such as the three major operators, the four major industries, petroleum and petrochemicals, provide professional support for material selection, process design, mold design, color mining design, etc. only in this way can they enjoy the first-class treatment and only recruit fresh students. For example, Sinopec's enrollment in 2018 is 100000 fresh students, which is expected to employ 4000 people, with an admission rate of 4%

it is also necessary to remind prospective graduates that some state-owned enterprises will have a third form of recruitment, that is, third-party labor dispatch, which is not limited to fresh graduates, such as the Railway Bureau. Generally, a third party is entrusted to recruit and form a labor relationship with the third party

Let's talk about civil servants and public institutions

the 2019 national civil service examination is expected to be released in October. Anyone under the age of 35 can apply for the examination, and the examination will be held in November

the civil service examination of 2019 provinces is expected to release information around March, and the examination will begin in April

however, it should be noted that the competition among civil servants has become increasingly fierce in the past two years. It can be seen from the enrollment ratio:

in the 2019 national examination, the number of recruits was almost directly reduced by half, down 49% from 2018. Only 14500 people were recruited, but the number of applicants exceeded 1.4 million, and the competition ratio was about 100:1

in 2019, only 122000 people were recruited for the civil service examination in all provinces, and 3million people signed up. The competition ratio is about 25:1

fresh students can also apply for admission to public institutions in all provinces. Public institutions are undergoing reform. Their stability and welfare benefits are slightly worse than those of civil servants, and their cost performance is slightly lower. Public institutions across the country recruit about 40000 people every year

add 14000 college students "village officials" in the quasi system, 26000 with three supports and one support, and 19000 in the western plan

in 2019, the number of recruits in the system is expected to be about 1.23 million

compared with 9million graduates, the vast majority of fresh graduates (more than 7 million) will go to private enterprises for employment, and the biggest export of employment is sales jobs, which is determined by overproduction. Products cannot be sold, including financial products, which need to be sold in large quantities to promote

of course, there is another way of employment, which you know: mass entrepreneurship and innovation

▍ 03 it's hard for a poor family to have a noble son

it can be said that children from grass-roots families can get middle-class tickets by entering famous schools through the college entrance examination, but it's almost impossible to enter the upper class

besides, it is too difficult for children from grass-roots families to enter famous schools

in a class society, people are always in inequality from cradle to grave. For today's poor children, equality is only "one polyurea, nine construction" can be said to be an illusion

for example, if both parents have not attended college, the forced absence of their father has become a common problem during the growth of poor children. "Where is Dad going" is not a parent-child variety show, but a serious social problem

in the way of educating their children, there are again clear-cut differences between the two classes: the parents of the upper class have money and leisure, and they know that knowledge is power, so they are far sighted and take the route of "careful cultivation"; However, the parents of the lower class often worry about themselves, and the life of adults is like a puddle of mud. Therefore, they can only (have to) "free range" their children

under the difference of this parenting route, more differences are also reflected in the words and deeds of daily life. Born and raised in different families, it is divided by class. Not to mention economic expenditure items such as education investment, it is to look at those interactive ways that are used to in life. Pressing the interrupt key in the state of electromechanical operation, such as family dinner, bedtime story telling, and day-to-day oral communication, can not get rid of class differences

it is no exaggeration that inequality can be said to follow suit in class society, which has already penetrated into all aspects of daily life, and even people's hands and feet

nowadays, poor children have been at a disadvantage since their birth. Their disadvantages are deep-rooted. Long before the children began to study in primary school, the higher and lower levels had already been decided

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